Chapter 14 Questions
Chapter 14 Section 1: The Expansion of Industry
1. Why was kerosene important?
1. Why was iron ore necessary during the Industrial Age?
2. For what was steel used?
3. How did steel “change the face of the country?”
4. Why is Edison important?
5. How did electricity change the nature of business?
6. Identify the three main developments in inventions during the 1870s & 1880s.
7. Identify four ways new inventions & products changed the lifestyles of people during this time period.
8. How did industrialized improve the standard of living?
Chapter 14 Section 2: The Age of the Railroads
1. What was the “iron horse?”
2. Why were railroads important?
3. Why was creating a national network of railroads important?
4. Which two immigrant groups are mainly responsible for building the railroad system across the nation?
5. How did railroads create “a united nation?”
6. How did railroads affect industrialization & business?
7. Describe Pullman’s idea of a “company town.”
8. Explain the Credit Mobilier scandal.
9. How were railroads abusive towards farmers?
10. How did the Granger Laws intend to solve these abuses?
11. What was the outcome of Munn v. Illinois?
12. What was the Interstate Commerce Act?
13. Why was the Interstate Commerce Act passed?
14. How did the Supreme Court affect the Interstate Commerce Commission?
15. Describe conditions during the Depression of 1893.
Chapter 14 Section 3: Big Business Emerges
1. How did Andrew Carnegie start out?
2. In what type of business was Carnegie involved?
3. Explain why Carnegie’s management style made him successful.
4. Identify & describe both of Carnegie’s business strategies.
5. Explain the ideas of Social Darwinism.
6. What were the main ideas in Horatio Alger’s novels?
7. Explain the difference between an oligarchy & a monopoly.
8. What company did John D. Rockefeller establish?
9. Describe the purpose of a trust.
10. Describe Rockefeller’s treatment of his employees.
11. Where did the term “robber baron” come from?
12. What was the goal of the Sherman Antitrust act?
13. Why was enforcing the Sherman Antitrust Act difficult?
14. What were the economic reasons the South did not experience an economic boom?
15. What were the social causes that prevented the business boom from reaching the South?
Chapter 14 Section 4: Workers of the Nation Unite
1. Describe working in the average factory.
2. Describe Explain how woman & children were exploited in factories.
3. Why did labor unions emerge?
4. What were the goals of the Knights of Labor?
5. Who was allowed to join the Knights of Labor?
6. Why is Samuel Gompers important?
7. What were the goals of the American Federation of Labor (AFL)?
8. Why is Eugene Debs important?
9. What were the differences between the AFL & the Industrial Workers of the World (IWW)?
10. Why did B&O Railroad workers strike in 1877?
11. How did this strike end?
12. Describe the Haymarket Affair.
13. Explain the Homestead Strike.
14. Describe the causes of the Pullman Strike.
15. How did the Pullman Strike end?
16. Describe the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory tragedy.
17. What changed after the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory fire?
18. How did businesses try to weaken union influence?
19. Why did organizing people & unions become more difficult?
Chapter 14 Vocabulary
1. Thomas Edison
2. Alexander Graham Bell
3. Transcontinental Railroad
4. George Pullman
5. Munn v. Illinois
6. Interstate Commerce Act
7. Andrew Carnegie
8. Social Darwinism
10. Holding company
11. John D. Rockefeller
13. Sherman Antitrust Act
14. Samuel Gompers
15. American Federation of Labor
16. Collective Bargaining
17. Eugene Debs
19. “Mother” Jones